How to find artifacts

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The Luoyang shovel was invented in the early 20th century by Li Duck, a villager near Luoyang, Henan Province, China, and gradually improved by later generations. The Luoyang shovel is a symbol of China's archaeological drilling tools. It was first widely used for tomb raiding and later became an archaeological tool.
The famous archaeologist Wei Juxian witnessed the use of Luoyang shovel in 1928, which was used in archaeological drilling, and played an important role in the excavation process of the famous ancient city sites such as Yin ruins in Anyang and Yanshi Mall in Luoyang. Nowadays, learning to use the Luoyang shovel to distinguish the soil quality is the basic skill of every archaeologist.
When USING, THE BODY STANDS UP STRAIGHT, LEGS APART, HANDS grip the ROD, placed in the chest, shovel head on the ground, located between the two toes, downward vertical probing force. Open the hole to the end, constantly rotate the shovel head, alternately under the four sides, keep the cylindrical shape of the hole. From the edge of the shovel will dig the soil, longitudinal break apart to see the section. When you look at the soil, you can't shovel back. Shovel back is to continuously hit the ground two or three times before lifting the shovel. There are many kinds of soil under Luoyang, which are roughly divided into dead soil and living soil. Generally speaking, the dead soil is not ten thousand years ago, otherwise the probe can not go down, can not pull up, will shovel stuck in the hole. Drilling side under shovel, hole semicircle; Two sides under shovel, hole ellipse; Only four sides of the shovel, the hole is round. Make sure the holes are straight. It is not bent, straight is not crooked. It is also not very easy to make vertical holes. For the tool, the spade head should be straight and the pole should be straight. Otherwise, easy to bend the hole, or even hole small mouth big belly, not a name. To test the straightness and curvature of a hole, a mirror can be held up and the sun shines down from the opening of the hole. When the light hits the bottom of the hole, the hole is straight. If the light hits the hole wall and does not fall down, the hole is bent and must be trimmed before punching. Bending hole is very laborious, both hands can also pull the shoulder against the wood pole pull.